Orhan Pamuk was born in Istanbul in 1952. His novels include Cevdet Bey and His Sons (1982), The Black Book (1990), My Name is Red (1998), and Snow (2002). Pamuk's most recent book is Istanbul, a collection of the author's early memoirs and an essay about Istanbul. Apart from three years in New York, he has spent all his life in the same district of Istanbul, and he now lives in the building where he was raised. Pamuk's books have been translated into more than 40 languages.